The BIOSIT project is based on a partnership between the Department
of Energetics (DE-Project coordinator) and the Department
of Agricultural and Land Economy (DEART) of the University
of Florence, and ETA Renewable Energies, a company skilled
in research, design and carrying out renewable energy plants.
This working team integrates the necessary multi-disciplinary
skills in environmental analysis and modelling, engineering,
agro-forestry, dissemination and know-how transfer. The aim
of the BIOSIT project is to develop an efficient and sustainable
strategy for the exploitation of biomass resources for energy
use within specific applications. To support the definition
of the energy policy an innovative Geographical Information
System based methodology and a GIS tool have been developed.
The georeferenced data (spatial distribution and characterization
of biomass resources, transport network, infrastructures,
energy demand, etc.) of the GIS are the basic support of the
methodology and the software tool in which the methodology
has been implemented through related algorithms. The BIOSIT
project is co-funded by the European Commission within the
LIFE III Community Programme; this is a financial instrument
supporting the definition of environmental policy and legislation
in the European union, by co-financing actions favourable
to the environment; it is active in EU countries, accession
countries and countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and
the Baltic Sea.
- Promotion of biomass to energy plants
- Air pollution reduction and CO2 emissions reduction
- Development of tools for the implementation of biomass
projects in a sustainable way
- Valorisation of the territory, recovery of marginal areas
- Improved management of forestry and agricultural land
- Integration between rural and urban areas
The purpose of the work is to bridge the gap between research,
yet completed by the proponents through other EU supported
projects and the real widespread application of the methodologies
and tools developed for planning. All the partners involved
a wide background in the sectors object of the study.
The following main tasks have been reached:
- Definition of a model for the evaluation of agro-forestry
biomass potential and analysis of the biomass production
and collection costs.
- Design and implementation of the algorithm to compute
the cost of the biomass delivered to the biomass to energy
plant (considering production, collection, stocking and
- Design and implementation of the computer model to calculate
the avoided CO2 and other pollutant emissions (including
emissions from biomass transportation.
- Computations and evaluation of biomass potential and optimal
- Recommendation for the use of the GIS tool, and integration
with the Regional policy (Energy Plan, Community Structural
- Result dissemination through seminars and web pages.
Biomass availability and current greenhouse gas emission
in the region has been preliminary analysed. Particular attention
has been given to the evaluation of agro-forestry biomass
availability and costs. The possibility to introduce dedicated
energy crops has also been considered.
Innovative GIS model needed for proper planning of CO2 emission
reduction via bioenergy.
- Optimal locations for biomass plants and the impact of
policy on sustainable development through bioenergy.
- Promotion of biomass to energy plants.
- Energy-environmental impact and socio-economic benefits
(including avoided emissions) of regional policies.
The system, integrated with the Regional Energy Plan, may
support the local authorities involved in environmental management
and energy planning.