Biofuel in West Africa : From Institutional Vacuum to Multiactors Partnership in Strategy Formulation and Policy Implementation
Gatete Djerma, C., Dabat, M.-H.
This paper focuses on the actors' games and institutional arrangements related to configurations and policies in the sectors of biofuels in four West African countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal. Two models of production are currently observed in these countries: a short circuit designed for a local use of biofuels and an industrial one oriented toward the national and regional or export. The process of biofuels' emergence in these countries shows that the interplay between public and private actors at local, national or regional levels is complex. This paper analyzes and contrasts the roles and rules of the main actors around biofuels sector in West African countries and the way biofuel¬related strategies are defined in a multi¬actors context. The direction has not always been defined through a public¬private consultation in some countries. This led to an institutional vacuum currently observed at different stages in several countries instead of a multi¬stakeholder partnership such as in Mali. More generally, the paper shows that a successful approach to develop biofuels rely on the "4 C" like Coordination, Cooperation, Consultation and Contract¬based links among the actors involved in the sector. The conclusion is that public policy formulation creates a favorable institutional environment for a sustainable development of biofuels and appears to be a significant condition to achieve structural effects in the countries.
biofuels, policy, strategy, stakeholders, partnership, subsaharan countries
Biomass Policies, Markets and Sustainability
Biomass strategies and policies
20th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
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