A Biorefinery Fact Sheet for the Sustainability Assessment of Energy Driven Biorefineries - Efforts of IEA Bioenergy Task 42 "Biorefining"
Jungmeier, G., Stichnothe, H., De Bari, I., Joergensen, H., van Ree, R., de Jong, E., Wellisch, M., Walsh, P., Garnier, G., Klembara, M.
IEA Bioenergy Task 42 „Biorefining“ has the following definition on biorefinery: “Biorefining is the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products (food, feed, chemicals, materials) and bioenergy (biofuels, power and/or heat)”. Currently many different and various biorefinery concepts are developed and are already implemented. Based on the activities of the 12 participating countries (A, AUS, CA, DK, FR, G, I, IR, J, K, NL, US) the task identifies and assesses the current status and development potential of “energy-driven” biorefineries and “product-driven” biorefineries. The assessments are based on a “Full Value Chain Approach”, covering raw material issues, conversion processes and final product use in an integrated approach and assessing economic, socio-economic, environmental and social aspects in comparison to conventional processes and products. As a first step the 15 most interesting “energy-driven” biorefinery concepts until 2025 and their value chains, including the integration and deployment options in industrial infrastructures, are analyzed. As the development status and the perspectives for implementation and development of these energy driven biorefineries are different the IEA task develops a “Biorefinery Fact Sheet” for the uniform description of the key facts of a Based on a technical description and the classification scheme the mass and energy balance is calculated for the most reasonable production capacity for each of the selected biorefineries. Then the three dimensions – economic, environmental and social -of sustainability are assessed for each biorefinery and documented in a compact form in the “Biorefinery Fact Sheet”. Based on these sheets an easy comparison of the different biorefinery systems is possible. The “Biorefinery Fact Sheet” assists various stakeholders in finding their position on biorefining in a future biobased economy. The “Biorefinery Fact Sheets” will be made for the 15 most interesting “energy driven biorefinery systems” identified by IEA Bioenergy Task 42.
biorefinery, biorefining, cost analysis, environment, sustainability, social aspects
R&D on Biomass Conversion Technologies for Heating, Electricity and Chemicals
21st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
573 - 577
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