Sustainable Biomass in the Light of Certification and Assessment Schemes
Lieback, J., Kapsa, K.
With the introduction of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) within the EU in 2009 there were targets concerning use of renewable energy imposed on all the EU member states to be fulfilled on the national level. These targets in RED and FQD require by 2020: 20 per cent of energy across the EU to be renewable, 10 per cent of energy used in transport to be renewable and a minimum reduction in GHG emissions from road transport of 6 per cent. In 2010 two certification systems: ISCC and REDcert for sustainable biomass in Germany were introduced. In other EU countries the implementation of the RED and the FQD goes slowly but there are first signals about proposals on certification systems for sustainable biomass. Apart from European certification systems there is an Asian Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). At the same time there are also other tools to check sustainability of products or processes such as Life Cycle (Impact) Assessment (LCIA). Certification bodies play a key role in certification of sustainable biomass. In this paper different certification schemes are presented and crucial sustainability aspects criticized. Role and duties of certification bodies and other actors in sustainability assessments are shown and main problems discussed.
assessment, biomass, certification, sustainability standards, biofuels, bioliquids
Biomass Policies, Markets and Sustainability
Certification and sustainable schemes for biomass and biofuels
19th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
2386 - 2392
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