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Building the Policy Ecosystem in Europe for Cultivation and Use of Periennial Biomass Crops


Clifton-Brown, J., Hastings, A., von Cossel, M., Murphy-Bokern, D., McCalmont, J., Whitaker, J., Alexopoulou, E., Amaducci, S., Andronic, L., Ashman, C., Awty-Carroll, D., Bhatia, R., Breuer, L., Cosentino, S.L., Cracroft-Eley, W., Donnison, I., Elbersen, B., Ferrarini, A., Ford, J., Gattinger, A., Golicz, K., Greef, J., Ingram, J., Jensen, E., Kuhn, U., Lewandowski, I., Magenau, E., Mos, M., Meyer, H., Kasperczyk, N., Petrick, M., Pogrzeba, M., Pude, R., Robson, P., Retzler, C., Rowe, R.L., Sandu, A., Schmitt, A., Schmitt, An., Schwarz, K.-U., Scordia, D., Scurlock, J., Shepherd, A., Thornton, J., Trindade, L.M., Vetter, S., Wagner, M., Yamada, T., Kiesel, A.


Paper Paper


Perennial biomass crops (PBCs) can potentially contribute to all ten Common Agricultural Policy (2023-27) objectives and up to eleven of the seventeen UN Sustainable Development Goals. This paper discusses interlinked issues that must be considered in the expansion of PBC production: i) available land; ii) yield potential; iii) integration into farming systems; iv) research and development requirements; v) utilisation options; and vi) market systems and the socio-economic environment. The challenge to create development pathways that are acceptable for all actors, relies on measurement, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions reduction in combination with other environmental, economic and social aspects. This paper makes the following policy recommendations to enable greater PBC deployment: 1) incentivise farmers and land managers through specific policy measures, including carbon pricing, to allocate their less productive and less profitable land for uses which deliver demonstrable greenhouse gas reductions; 2) enable greenhouse gas mitigation markets to develop and offer secure contracts for commercial developers of verifiable low carbon bioenergy and bio-products; 3) support innovation in biomass utilisation value chains; and 4) continue long-term, strategic research and development and education for positive environmental, economic and social sustainability impacts.


social acceptance, land use change, perennial biomass crops, ecosystem services, upscaling feedstock for the bioeconomy, policy recommendations


Sustainability, Impacts and Policies


Biomass strategies and policies


31st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition




352 - 362



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