GIS-Based Assessment of Regional Biomass Potentials at the Example of Two Counties in Germany
Bao, K., Padsala, R., Coors, V., Thrän, D., Schröter, B.
The assessment of theoretical and technical biomass potential from different types of natural land cover is an integral part of simulation tools that aim to assess local multi-energy systems. This work introduces a new workflow which evaluates the local biomass potential from various sources, its transformation to different forms of biofuel and their thermal and electrical energy potentials, based on GIS-based land use data, satellite map on local crop types, and crop-specific energy yields from literature. One of the workflow’s two test cases is the county of Ludwigsburg in the south of Germany, where the annual technical local biomass potential was calculated to be close to 700 GWh, or 8% of total electricity and heating demand (based on 2018 demand data) – compared to an actual contribution of biomass to the local energy mix of about 2% (2012). The second test case is the northern German county of Dithmarschen, where local technical biomass is about 2248 GWh, or 19% of electricity and heating demand according to our simulation. Under current utilization situation bioenergy potential s are not completely in use and can contribute to local energy concept. This new workflow will further complement an existing local energy system simulation platform that has so far focused on urban energy demands and potentials.
biofuel, geographical information system (GIS), potential
Sustainable Resources for Decarbonising the Economy
Biomass potentials and biomass production models
28th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
77 - 85
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