Energy Efficiency, Environmental Aspects and Cost-Efficiency of Small-Scale Biocarbon Conversion Applications - Value Chain Analysis
Kempegowda, R.S., Barta, Z., Skreiberg, Ø., Wang, L.
Biocarbon can be potentially utilized as a high quality fuel in small-scale heating applications, as charcoal, powder, briquettes or pellets. However, there are only few studies on the use of biocarbon in residential stoves. Charcoal based modern residential stoves can achieve high thermal efficiency and low emissions.In this study, objective is to assess the energy efficiency of the whole value chain of spruce wood residue conversion to carbonized biocarbon and co-district heat potential, as well, conversion of biocarbon to pellets and applying converted biocarbon pellets in stoves of nominal capacity of 8 kW. Study evaluated the overall specific pellet and heat production cost for the value chain using techno-economic method specific to Norwegian conditions. Study concluded that carbonization temperature generally resulted in increased total energy efficiency of pellet production both with and without district heat production. However, carbonization temperature did not affected the stove thermal efficiency significantly. However, at higher carbonization temperatures higher biocarbon pellet production cost and higher overall heat production cost were obtained when standalone pellet production was considered without district factor. In the case of pellet and district heat coproduction, the pellet production cost was always lower than the corresponding one without district heat production.
wood pellets, pellet stove, thermal efficiency, techno-economics, biocarbon pellet, environmental performance
Biomass Conversion Technologies for Heating, Cooling and Electricity
Biomass and bioliquids combustion for small and medium scale applications
24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
717 - 721
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